Measles in Children

Caregivers should be considerate about their child’s overall physical and mental health. If they notice symptoms such as fever, rash all over the body, and light sensitivity should consult the best child specialist in Shalamar Hospital as it may be an indication of serious illness. Children are more prone to suffer from measles as compared to adults.

Measles and its symptoms

Measles is a viral infection that starts infecting the respiratory tract. It is contagious; hence, it is better to diagnose it at an early stage and isolate the infected person, so others don’t get infected.

The signs and symptoms of measles in children include:

  • The child suffers from fever and dry cough
  • The eyes become red
  • The caregivers can notice swelling on the eyelids.
  • A runny nose and sneezing
  • The caregivers can notice a reddish or brownish rash that starts from the head and spreads to other parts.
  • The child loses interest and feels lethargic most of the time
  • Experience watery eyes
  • Pain throughout the body that makes the child anxious
  • The child becomes sensitive to the light.
  • Noticeable white spots in the mouth.

Causes of Measles

It is contagious and transmittable from adults and children to other people. The virus remains in the throat or the nose and can cause extreme discomfort to the patient. The common cause of transmission of the virus is through the saliva and mucus of the patient. It remains active on the surface for hours. Hence, the child or adult diagnosed with measles must remain in isolation.

Diagnosis of Measles

The specialist diagnoses the child with measles through physical examination. The rash, white spots, fever, and swelling of the eyes correlate with measles. However, blood testing is advised for confirmation before prescribing medications to the child.

Treatment options for Measles

The medications that help ease the symptoms of measles are:

Use of Analgesics: The analgesics help with muscle pain and relieve fever and allow the child to function better.

Use of Antibiotics: If the symptoms correlate with bacterial infection, then antibiotics are prescribed.

Use of Vitamin Supplements: Children with vitamin A deficiency suffers from more severe symptoms; hence, vitamin A helps fight the virus.

Home-Care for the Child

It is difficult to handle children as they may become anxious and irritable due to isolation. The caregivers have to take notice of their medication and fluid intake. Help them provide a comfortable environment for resting and install a humidifier for the dry throat that would allow the child to feel better physically.

Children at a Higher Risk

Vitamin A deficiency: Children with the deficiency of Vitamin A suffer from severe symptoms of measles that may cause further complications.

Unvaccinated Children
: Children at age one gets vaccinated for measles. However, it is vital that caregivers are vigilant and do not skip their vaccination as it may increase their risk of suffering from serious symptoms.

Associated Complications with Measles in Children

Pneumonia: If the child catches pneumonia in addition to measles, then it can be life-threatening. Hene, it is better to be vigilant and get the child vaccinated at the right age.

Ear Infection: Measles can cause ear infections resulting in the child becoming partially or completely deaf.

Encephalitis: In severe cases, swelling in the brain can happen, which may cause intellectual disability.

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis: SSPE is a life-threatening condition caused in severe cases. It affects the central nervous system.

The parents and caregivers should consult the best child specialist. The specialist will conduct tests and physical examinations for diagnosing the condition of the child. Moreover, the specialist will guide them regarding medication, nutritional needs, home-care; that would help in quick recovery without further complications.